In Revelation Chapter 6 each of the four horses with a rider represents the antichrist in a preview of chronological events which will take place over the Seven-year Tribulation Period.
In Revelation 6:2 the white horse previews the antichrist’s beginning phase:
– entering to conquer,
– imitating the Messiah
(Rev. 13:1-3, 13-14; 2 Thess. 2:4, 11; Matt. 24:24) and
– coming into power at the beginning of the Tribulation.
The temple that was destroyed in AD70 will be rebuilt in the first three-and-a-half years—the first half of the Tribulation period (Rev. 11:2).
The 144.000 Tribes of Israel will be protected (Rev.12:6, 14).
The Antichrist will have deceived many from the nations near the transition from the first half to the second half of the Tribulation (Daniel 7:24-25; Rev. 13:5-9).
In Revelation 6:4 the fiery red horse previews the end of the three-and-a-half years and the beginning of the Great Tribulation—the second half of the seven-year period (Rev. 13:10-15). This point reminds us of the parenthesis between the six seals opened in Chapter 6 and the seventh seal opened in Chapter 8.
In Revelation 6:5 the black horse, since the rider had a pair of scales in his hand, indicates the possibility of inflation and the need for rationing due to shortage of fuel and a food. This previews Chapter 13:17 where nobody is allowed to buy or sell unless they have the mark of the beast. The famines, pestilences, and earthquakes in various places which the Lord Jesus spoke of in Matthew 24:7 and Luke 21:11 will be seen also in the opening of the 4th seal.
Revelation 6:7-8 describes the forthcoming power over a quarter of the earth through war, famine, killings, and pestilence. Ezekiel quoted God in Ezekiel 38:22, “And I will bring him to judgment with pestilence and bloodshed”…
In Revelation 6:5 we learn that there was an earthquake, and in Revelation 11:13 there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. In the earthquake seven thousand people were killed in Chapter 16:18-20: 18And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. 19Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent [60-100 pounds!].
Again, in Revelation 6:7-8 when the fourth seal is opened, the name of the rider on the pale horse is Death. Sure enough, we will see the antichrist cast into the lake of fire burning with brimstone when we get to Rev. 19:20. His second death is coming, but not yet.
When the fifth seal is opened in Revelation 6:9 the future death of some of the souls who will be resurrected at the end of the Tribulation are prophesied to call for God’s wrath on those who caused their blood to be shed.
The sixth seal being opened in Revelation 6:12 foretells the near end of the Great Tribulation by the great earthquake; and the sun becoming black and the moon becoming like blood.
We see this again prophesied in Chapter 8:12; and beginning to happen in 9:2.
But, in great contrast, when we get to Rev. 21:23 we learn this about the New Jerusalem: The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it.
When the seventh seal is opened in Chapter 8 violent disturbances of nature begin to occur upon blasts of the first four trumpets. These only precede ever-deepening judgments which come in the chapters that follow. Many of these woes to those who are still on earth are possibly the answers to prayers of the saints asking God to avenge their persecutions (Rev. 6:10).
Scripture quoted from the NKJV